Experiments: Earth Movements

Create a Volcano

Safety Rules:
Parent supervision
Take care with fire or heat
Take care with a knife
Take care with glue (It is poisonous)
Do it outdoors

Materials you need are:
a wooden base
chicken wire to make a frame
plastic bottle
glue (made by heating & constantly stirring flour and water in a saucepan)
paints (e.g. red, orange, black and brown)
sodium bicarbonate (also called baking soda)
red food colouring
a spoon

Use the diagram below.

Volcano Diagram

Glue a plastic bottle onto a wooden base. Place the mountain-shaped chicken wire over the bottle and cover it with paper strips dipped in glue made by heating and stirring a flour and water mixture. After a couple of days when it is dry, paint it like a volcano (lots of streaks of red, yellow, brown and black). Place two teaspoons of sodium bicarbonate (also called baking soda), a few drops of red food colouring and lastly, some vinegar into the bottle. Watch your volcano erupt.